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Molds, various molds and tools used in industrial production to obtain the desired products by injection molding, blow molding, extrusion, die casting or forging, smelting, stamping and other methods. In a nutshell, a mold is a tool used to make a shaped item, this tool is made up of various parts, and different molds are made up of different parts. It mainly realizes the processing of the shape of the object through the change of the physical state of the molded material, and is known as the "mother of industry". Under the action of external force, the blank becomes a tool with a specific shape and size. It is widely used in blanking, die forging, cold heading, extrusion, powder metallurgy parts pressing, pressure casting, and compression molding or injection molding of engineering plastics, rubber, ceramics and other products. The mold has a specific contour or cavity shape, and the application of the contour shape with the cutting edge can separate the blank according to the contour shape (blanking). Applying the cavity shape allows the blank to obtain a corresponding three-dimensional shape. The mold generally includes two parts, a movable mold and a fixed mold (or a punch and a concave mold), which can be divided and closed. The mold is a precision mold with complex shape, which bears the expansion force of the blank, and has high requirements on structural strength, rigidity, surface hardness, surface roughness and machining accuracy. The development level of mold production is one of the important signs of the level of machinery manufacturing.
Plastic mould is the abbreviation of a combined mold for compression molding, extrusion molding, injection molding, blow molding and low foam molding. The coordinated changes of the mold convex, concave mold and auxiliary molding system can process a series of plastic parts of different shapes and sizes. It mainly includes a concave die with variable cavity composed of a concave die combination substrate, a concave die assembly and a concave die combination card plate. A punch with a variable core composed of side-cut composite panels. In order to improve the performance of plastics, various auxiliary materials, such as fillers, plasticizers, lubricants, stabilizers, colorants, etc., must be added to the polymer to become a plastic with good performance. Among them, synthetic resin is the main component of plastic, and its content in plastic is generally 40% to 100%. Due to the large content and the properties of resins that often determine the properties of plastics, people often regard resins as synonymous with plastics. For example, polyvinyl chloride resin is confused with polyvinyl chloride plastic, phenolic resin and phenolic plastic. In fact, resin and plastic are two different concepts. Resin is an unprocessed raw polymer. It is not only used to make plastic, but also a raw material for coatings, adhesives and synthetic fibers. Except for a very small part of plastic, it contains 100% In addition to resin, most plastics need to add other substances besides the main component resin.