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For decades, latex has been the rockstar of the medical disposable glove world. This is because, as noted by Darwin Brown in Physician Assistant, latex gloves were recommended protection in the 1980s and 1990s against bloodborne pathogens like HIV. But as their popularity increased, so did cases of allergic reactions. This led to more demand for latex-free disposable glove alternatives, like nitrile and vinyl. For those who aren't allergic, latex gloves are comfortable, relatively cost-effective, and offer a high degree of touch sensitivity.
With high levels of flexibility, protection, and comfort, disposable latex gloves are suitable for most medical environments - as long as latex allergies are not an issue.
Vinyl gloves are made from PVC, a petroleum-based film. The primary benefit of vinyl disposable gloves is that they're inexpensive to manufacture. That being said, they are less durable than latex and nitrile, and they offer limited protection against chemical or biomedical exposure. When vinyl gloves are stretched or flexed, the individual molecules separate and the integrity of the protective barrier is compromised. Vinyl gloves have also raised a red flag in terms of their environmental impact, as noted by Health & Safety International.
Due to their low cost and low protection levels, vinyl gloves are commonly used in non-hazardous and low-infection environments.
Nitrile gloves came to prominence in the 1990s as a leading latex alternative. While they're not as elastic or flexible as their latex counterparts, disposable nitrile gloves are notably more durable and resistant to chemicals. As such, these gloves are the ideal choice for anyone who has to handle potentially hazardous and corrosive chemicals. They are also perfectly suited for most medical environments, being exceptionally puncture-resistant and eliminating the risk of latex allergy reactions.
Understanding these key differences will help you make the right decision when selecting new exam gloves for your organization's unique medical environment. And except these gloves, considering the price and the performance, Synthetic Nitrile Gloves are also pretty popular.