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What is a diaphragm pump? Also known as a Membrane pump that uses a combination of the reciprocating action of a rubber, thermoplastic or PTFE and suitable valves on either side of the body (check valve, butterfly valves, flap valves, or any other form of shut-off valves) to pump a fluid.
An elastomeric membrain can be used as a versatile dynamic seal that removes many of the limitations found with other sealing methods. They do not leak, offer little friction, and can be constructed for low pressure sensitivity. With the right material consideration, Yamada pumps can seal over a wide range of pressures and temperatures without needing lubrication or maintenance.
2 Inch Air Operated Diaphragm Pump, 3 Inch Air Operated Diaphragm Pump, 25mm Air Operated Diaphragm Pump, 40mm Air Operated Diaphragm Pump, 50mm Air Operated Diaphragm Pump and the another most commonly used pump - Double Air Operated Diaphragm Pump.
A double diaphragm is a positive displacement pump which utilises two flexible diaphragms that reciprocate back and forth, creating a temporary chamber, which both draws in and expels fluid through the pump. The diaphragms work as a separation wall between the air and the liquid.
The first stroke
The two diaphragms that are connected by a shaft through the centre section where the air valve is located. The purpose of the air valve is to direct the compressed air to the back of diaphragm number one causing it to move away from the centre section. The number one diaphragm causes a press stroke moving liquid out of the pump. At the same time diaphragm number two is performing a suction stroke. The air behind diaphragm number two is being pushed out to the atmosphere causing atmospheric pressure to push the liquid to the suction side. The suction ball valve is pushed away off its seat allowing the fluid to flow past the ball valve into the liquid chamber.
The second stroke
When the pressurised diaphragm number one has reached the end of its stroke, the movement of the air is switched from diaphragm number one to the back of diaphragm number two by the air valve. The compressed air pushes diaphragm number two away from the centre block resulting in diaphragm number one being pulled toward the centre block. In pump chamber number two the discharge ball valve is pushed off its seat, whilst in pump chamber number one the opposite occurs. Upon completion of the stroke the air valve leads the air again to the back of diaphragm number one and restarts the cycle.